Tag: Student Loans

Clinton on Education: MAWR MONEY!

One of the reason I harp on Trump: Hillary Clinton is slowly unveiling her ideas for running the country. And they are terrible:

Today, Hillary Clinton is beginning the launch of her plan to allegedly make college more accessible to Americans without forcing them into huge loads of debt. Her plan has a price tag estimate of $350 billion over 10 years.

Half that money would be granted to states that agree to increase their own education spending with the goal of having “no loan” four-year degrees. It would be made for by tax hikes on the rich, as always.

This is mind-bogglingly stupid. The reason college costs have gone up so dramatically is because of the bottomless promise of the Feds to pay for it. Yes, states have cut the amount they spend on higher ed. But between grants and loans, the Feds have more than made up for it. And by simply pouring trainloads of money into higher ed, the Feds have eliminated any incentive for efficiency.

It gets worse. A substantial amount of the money would be used to encourage colleges to do the very thing that has made higher education so expensive:

To improve the nation’s 60 percent college graduation rate, Clinton would offer grants to schools that invest in child care, emergency financial aid and other interventions to boost completion. Students entering college are older and have more family responsibilities than those a generation ago, yet many institutions have been slow to respond to their needs. Investing in on-campus support systems could help, as could Clinton’s proposal to allow federal student aid to be used for online career training programs offering badges or certificates, rather than degrees.

In other words, Clinton wants college to invest yet more money in administration. This is precisely the problem higher education is having. Over the last two decades, faculty hires have been flat. Many universities now depend on adjunct faculty who are poorly paid. Meanwhile, the number of administrator have soared as have their salaries. And yet Clinton wants them to do more of this.

So, under Clinton, we would basically spend $350 billion to do … exactly what we’ve been doing for the last twenty years. And this is the best the Democratic Party has to offer right now.

Monday Mad: Student Loans

I have a Science Sunday post in the works. In the meantime, here’s something to anger you: a popular post on the NYT from some entitled jerk about how defaulting on his student loans was some noble act of social protest.

Or something.

I was fortunate enough not to need student loans. And I’m previously railed against their terms, calling the Federal government the world’s largest predatory lender. But when you take on a debt, you should try to pay it. Without that sense of honor, the whole system collapses.

The State of the Campaign

Here’s the thing that struck me as I read Obama’s State of the Union address: very little of this is going to happen. There is no way he will get even 10% of his agenda through a Republican House. Most of it would not even go through a Democratic House. This read less like a SOTU speech and more like a rally for liberals.

That would be fine except that … there are some things that kind of need to happen. Entitlements need to be reigned in. Our tax and regulatory structure are desperate for an overhaul. We need to cut spending and in a smarter way than the sequester does. So, in the end, this is fiddling while Rome burns. Or, more accurately, making MSNBC fawn over themselves while the country stumbles and bumbles.

Let’s go through a few talking points.

Over the last few years, both parties have worked together to reduce the deficit by more than $2.5 trillion – mostly through spending cuts, but also by raising tax rates on the wealthiest 1 percent of Americans. As a result, we are more than halfway towards the goal of $4 trillion in deficit reduction that economists say we need to stabilize our finances.

Technically, this is true. In reality, almost all of these “cuts” are in future budgets, not current ones. Spending has been flat over the last couple of years (after the 2009 runup) and it is now likely our deficit will fall under $1 trillion this year. If we can maintain that semi-discipline, the deficit will be a little less disastrous. But that budget control has come over the frothing opposition of the President’s party and every liberal commentator out there. And it’s still more like a few hundred billion, at most. You can’t really claim budget cuts that haven’t happened yet, especially when the rest of your agenda amounts to MOAR SPENDING!

Obama comes out against the sequester, which is indeed a crude and likely destructive tool compared to more targeted cuts (of course, he happily ignores his role in creating the sequester). It also doesn’t address, as he notes, entitlements. Oh, but on that subject:

On Medicare, I’m prepared to enact reforms that will achieve the same amount of health care savings by the beginning of the next decade as the reforms proposed by the bipartisan Simpson-Bowles commission. Already, the Affordable Care Act is helping to slow the growth of health care costs. The reforms I’m proposing go even further. We’ll reduce taxpayer subsidies to prescription drug companies and ask more from the wealthiest seniors. We’ll bring down costs by changing the way our government pays for Medicare, because our medical bills shouldn’t be based on the number of tests ordered or days spent in the hospital – they should be based on the quality of care that our seniors receive. And I am open to additional reforms from both parties, so long as they don’t violate the guarantee of a secure retirement. Our government shouldn’t make promises we cannot keep – but we must keep the promises we’ve already made.

Let’s get this straight: Obama’s healthcare reforms have not slowed the cost of healthcare costs. That slowing began before Obamacare was passed and was likely related to the Great Recession. Furthermore, his healthcare reforms have completely screwed young people, saving money by restricting what insurance companies can charge older people and therefore jacking up insurance rates on young people. (Yeah, how do you feel about voting for Obama by 24 points now, young people?)

He then talks about tax reform. But unless the mortgage interest deduction is on the table, such talk in unserious. That is not only one of the largest deductions (and one that heavily benefits the wealthy; for most middle class people, the mortgage interest deduction is less than their standard deduction), the unwillingness to challenge it is a sign of fecklessness. If you’re not willing to at least have it one the table at some point, you’re not serious about tax reform. Obama isn’t.

Obama then pivots to the economy for about the eighth time this week.

After shedding jobs for more than 10 years, our manufacturers have added about 500,000 jobs over the past three.

Almost all of those jobs were created by 2012. It’s nice they are coming back. But that has nothing to do with government policy and everything to do with smart business. Many businesses have realized that outsourcing wasn’t such a hot idea. They are bringing back some of their manufacturing. But most of it will remain overseas. And those trends have nothing to do with Obama’s policies.

Obama then talks up science and technology — fair enough. But then we get this whopper:

We produce more oil at home than we have in 15 years. We have doubled the distance our cars will go on a gallon of gas, and the amount of renewable energy we generate from sources like wind and solar – with tens of thousands of good, American jobs to show for it. We produce more natural gas than ever before – and nearly everyone’s energy bill is lower because of it. And over the last four years, our emissions of the dangerous carbon pollution that threatens our planet have actually fallen.

Good Lord, there’s a lot of BS in here. First of all, we have not doubled the distance our cars will go on a gallon of gas. That’s a goal in the law, but it is not reality. We encounter this over and over with Obama. He thinks that just passing a law calling for something to be done is the same as actually doing it. He fundamentally believes that law has the ability to change reality, alter the laws of physics and create the future. So, in his mind, we have doubled the mileage of cars. We passed a law, didn’t we? So.. done! QED. It’s the same logic by which he claims we have cut spending by $2.5 trillion because we passed a law calling on future Congresses to do so.

Second, jobs are being created in renewables but government investment is hurting that trend by funneling money to politically connected dead ends. Third, production of oil and gas have boomed over liberal protestations. Fourth, energy bills are not down (even with subsidies, renewables cost more per kwH than fossil fuels). And fifth, our emissions are down, in large part, because we have moved energy production from carbon-intensive coal to less carbon-intensive natural gas. None of this, none of it, is because of Obama’s policies. It is all because of innovation in the private sector.

He then talks of supporting McCain’s cap-and-trade scheme — the one that would put strings in every corner of industry and create hundreds of billions in federal slush funds. He propose that revenues from energy sources on federal lands go to an “Energy Security Trust” — another slush fund. This is the same stuff he has rolled out every year and it has gone nowhere.

America’s energy sector is just one part of an aging infrastructure badly in need of repair. Ask any CEO where they’d rather locate and hire: a country with deteriorating roads and bridges, or one with high-speed rail and internet; high-tech schools and self-healing power grids.

Tonight, I propose a “Fix-It-First” program to put people to work as soon as possible on our most urgent repairs, like the nearly 70,000 structurally deficient bridges across the country. And to make sure taxpayers don’t shoulder the whole burden, I’m also proposing a Partnership to Rebuild America that attracts private capital to upgrade what our businesses need most: modern ports to move our goods; modern pipelines to withstand a storm; modern schools worthy of our children.

I’ve gone over the massively overstated case that our infrastructure is crumbling (such statements come from groups that lobby for more infrastructure spending). The Partnership to Rebuild America sounds very iffy. I’d much rather see privatization.

After talking about re-inflating the housing bubble, he turns to Universal Union Employment, er, Pre-K:

Study after study shows that the sooner a child begins learning, the better he or she does down the road. But today, fewer than 3 in 10 four year-olds are enrolled in a high-quality preschool program. Most middle-class parents can’t afford a few hundred bucks a week for private preschool. And for poor kids who need help the most, this lack of access to preschool education can shadow them for the rest of their lives.

Tonight, I propose working with states to make high-quality preschool available to every child in America.

I have taken on this subject before. There is no evidence that universal pre-K — yes, even in Oklahoma and Georgia — does anything. In fact, American kids start school performing quite well compared to international peers. But the longer they are in the public system, the more their performance decays. There is simply no good case to be made — other than wishful thinking and good feelings — that a lack of universal pre-K is the biggest problem with our education system. There’s frankly not a lot of evidence that it’s a problem at all. The logic amounts to “other countries have universal pre-K (even though many don’t) and other countries have better educational performance, therefore …” That ain’t logic. That’s rationalizing millions more union jobs.

Sandwiched in between Obama’s bullshit about pre-K and bullshit about college education is a not so bad idea:

Let’s also make sure that a high school diploma puts our kids on a path to a good job. Right now, countries like Germany focus on graduating their high school students with the equivalent of a technical degree from one of our community colleges, so that they’re ready for a job. At schools like P-Tech in Brooklyn, a collaboration between New York Public Schools, the City University of New York, and IBM, students will graduate with a high school diploma and an associate degree in computers or engineering.

We need to give every American student opportunities like this. Four years ago, we started Race to the Top – a competition that convinced almost every state to develop smarter curricula and higher standards, for about 1 percent of what we spend on education each year. Tonight, I’m announcing a new challenge to redesign America’s high schools so they better equip graduates for the demands of a high-tech economy. We’ll reward schools that develop new partnerships with colleges and employers, and create classes that focus on science, technology, engineering, and math – the skills today’s employers are looking for to fill jobs right now and in the future.

This is, in fact, something that Bobby Jindal has been pushing in Louisiana. Most people do not need a college education to get a good job that matches their skills. A better high school education — focused more on skills than abstraction — could obviate the need for crushing student debt and bloated universities.

Oh, about that higher education. Obama claims to have brought down costs (he hasn’t) and proposes that student loans be more conditional on education utility rather than just being handed out. Of course, that could be achieved very easily and cheaply if we 1) re-privatized the student loan market; and 2) made student loans dischargeable in bankruptcy. This would guarantee that $100,000 loans for degrees in puppetry wouldn’t happen. But, of course, that wouldn’t create more government spending and control.

Obama then digs into immigration, which I’ve already blogged about. He urges passage of the Violence Against Women Act (a bad piece of legislation wrapped in good sound bites) and the Paycheck Fairness Act. He proposes raising the minimum wage and linking it to the cost of living (as Romney proposed). Of course, that ignores that the COLA fell in recent years. Would the government then cut the minimum wage appropriately? I think not.

And this year, my Administration will begin to partner with 20 of the hardest-hit towns in America to get these communities back on their feet. We’ll work with local leaders to target resources at public safety, education, and housing. We’ll give new tax credits to businesses that hire and invest. And we’ll work to strengthen families by removing the financial deterrents to marriage for low-income couples, and doing more to encourage fatherhood – because what makes you a man isn’t the ability to conceive a child; it’s having the courage to raise one.

Spend, spend, spend on dead towns. Create collaborations between local government, federal government and business to maximize corruption. That’s the way to move an economy!

Obama then shifts to foreign policy. He promises to get out troops out of Afghanistan and adds this:

Different al Qaeda affiliates and extremist groups have emerged – from the Arabian Peninsula to Africa. The threat these groups pose is evolving. But to meet this threat, we don’t need to send tens of thousands of our sons and daughters abroad, or occupy other nations. Instead, we will need to help countries like Yemen, Libya, and Somalia provide for their own security, and help allies who take the fight to terrorists, as we have in Mali. And, where necessary, through a range of capabilities, we will continue to take direct action against those terrorists who pose the gravest threat to Americans.

I don’t disagree entirely with this. But it seems like this has been obvious for quite some time and it took a disaster in Benghazi for the Administration to figure out that they were wielding the guns of august.

Here is the biggest whopper of the night:

As we do, we must enlist our values in the fight. That is why my Administration has worked tirelessly to forge a durable legal and policy framework to guide our counterterrorism operations. Throughout, we have kept Congress fully informed of our efforts. I recognize that in our democracy, no one should just take my word that we’re doing things the right way. So, in the months ahead, I will continue to engage with Congress to ensure not only that our targeting, detention, and prosecution of terrorists remains consistent with our laws and system of checks and balances, but that our efforts are even more transparent to the American people and to the world.

This is, frankly, a lie. The Administration only recently shared their drone policies with some members of Congress after being excoriated for the ambiguities in their “white paper” on the subject. They have asserted just as much executive authority as Bush did and with even less transparency. This Administration has killed an American citizen and his son and refused to disclose the rationale. They have asserted their ability to kill American citizens without any kind of due process of external review. To talk as though they were the most accountable transparent Administration ever is absurd and offensive.

After burbling inanities on Russia, Iran, North Korea and third world poverty, he gets to his final issue, which is gun control:

Overwhelming majorities of Americans – Americans who believe in the 2nd Amendment – have come together around commonsense reform – like background checks that will make it harder for criminals to get their hands on a gun. Senators of both parties are working together on tough new laws to prevent anyone from buying guns for resale to criminals. Police chiefs are asking our help to get weapons of war and massive ammunition magazines off our streets, because they are tired of being outgunned.

Most of this I don’t have a problem with (although I don’t like citing victims of tragedy in support of any law). The problem here is the last sentence which claims that our citizens have “weapons of war” and the police are outgunned. This is simply false. Automatic weapons are heavily regulated and illegal in most areas. And the proliferation of para-military SWAT teams and no-knock raids that results in such things as the killing of Jose Guerena (a military man who responded to what he thought were robbers with a military weapon) cries against this bleating about police being outgunned. In fact, police fatalities have been declining steadily for nearly four decades.

All, in all, it was what I expected. A huge declaration of a big liberal agenda that will never happen. Punting on the most important issues and staying the course of this bumbling presidency. And always deferring to the state and the law for progress.

SOTU’s are never very substantive. With each one, I become more and more convinced that Thomas Jefferson got it right and the SOTU should be a letter instead of a monarchial speech. But it does give us a chance to see what kind of agenda that President’s party thinks they should be flogging. And this agenda is … well, what we expect after four years. Bigger government in the language of smaller; “new ideas” that aren’t; bold initiatives that are throwbacks to yesteryear; Bush policies in prettier packaging.

Change!

Signoff

Oh come on. Even Democrats aren’t this dumb:

Forgiving the student loan debt of all Americans will have an immediate stimulative effect on our economy. With the stroke of the President’s pen, millions of Americans would suddenly have hundreds, or in some cases, thousands of extra dollars in their pockets each and every month with which to spend on ailing sectors of the economy. As consumer spending increases, businesses will begin to hire, jobs will be created and a new era of innovation, entrepreneurship and prosperity will be ushered in for all. A rising tide does, in fact, lift all boats – forgiving student loan debt, rather than tax cuts for corporations, millionaires and billionaires, has a MUCH greater chance of helping to rise that tide in a MUCH shorter time-frame. The future economic success of this country is wholly dependent upon a well-educated, prosperous middle class. Instead of saddling entire generations with debt from which there is no escape, let’s empower the American people to grow this economy on their own!

Therefore, we, the undersigned, strongly encourage Congress and the President to support H. Res 365, introduced by Rep. Hansen Clarke (D-MI), seeking student loan forgiveness as a means of economic stimulus.

Throw out any conservative ideas you might have about spending, personal responsibility or budget deficits. Let’s tackle this on the liberals’ own terms. As the Freakonomics blog points out, this may be the worst idea ever. It gives tons of money to college grads — a demographic with high income and very low unemployment; it wouldn’t even work in a Keynesian sense; it will not get more people to go to school, and; it creates a new sense of entitlement among college grads.

This isn’t economic policy. This is a bunch of spoiled rotten kids demanding someone pay for their already subsidized education. There’s little question student debt is a pending calamity — it has quintupled over the last decade because of an open-ended commitment by our government to get everyone a college and post-graduate education, whether they need it or not. But this idea, if anything, would make that problem worse (nothing is more expensive than free stuff).

I mean, at least the Democrats want to take the rich and give to the poor. These guys want to take from the rich and give to the … not quite rich yet? I don’t get it.

The Last Bailout … and the Next

Jesus:

Fed Chairman Ben S. Bernanke’s unprecedented effort to keep the economy from plunging into depression included lending banks and other companies as much as $1.2 trillion of public money, about the same amount U.S. homeowners currently owe on 6.5 million delinquent and foreclosed mortgages. The largest borrower, Morgan Stanley (MS), got as much as $107.3 billion, while Citigroup took $99.5 billion and Bank of America $91.4 billion, according to a Bloomberg News compilation of data obtained through Freedom of Information Act requests, months of litigation and an act of Congress.

The Fed has said it had “no credit losses” on any of the emergency programs, and a report by Federal Reserve Bank of New York staffers in February said the central bank netted $13 billion in interest and fee income from the programs from August 2007 through December 2009.

It wasn’t just US banks; foreign banks got tens of billions in this secret TARP deal. The revealing thing for me is not how much the banks got — I suspected the number was in this ballpark. It’s just how scarily close we came to a complete system meltdown.

What really gets me, however, is how little responsibility has been taken for the banking collapse. Yeah, I know — it was all CRA, ACORN and the government forcing banks to lend money to poor people. But it wasn’t poor people who created credit default swaps. It wasn’t the CRA that made banks stupidly (and often fraudulently) pack mortgages into investment vehicles and sell them to each other. The massive leveraging our bank system was not ACORN’s idea. The bankers can take all the credit they want for those “innovations”. Isn’t someone going to go to jail for this mess? The S&L bailout cost a lot of money too, but at least the crooks went to jail.

In the meantime, we can rest easy knowing that this sort of debt bubble will never … what was that?

This chart looks like a mistake, but it’s correct. Student loan debt has grown by 511% [between 1999 and 2011]. In the first quarter of 1999, just $90 billion in student loans were outstanding. As of the second quarter of 2011, that balance had ballooned to $550 billion.

Obviously the number of students didn’t grow by 511%. So why are education loans growing so rapidly? One reason could be availability. The government’s backing lets credit to students flow very freely. And as the article from yesterday noted, universities are raising tuition aggressively since students are willing to pay more through those loans.

Ah, yes. Now this is one we can blame on liberal interests and politicians. They have been pushing harder and harder on the education bubble. And many want to make it worse with direct federal loans (call it Fannie Ed) or “forgiveness” of loans if someone enters a politically-correct industry.

Hang on to you wallets, guys. It’s going to get worse before it gets better.